If you suffer from some form of acne, don’t be alarmed, you are not alone. Here are the facts on acne……
- Acne is most commonly found on the face, neck and back.
- Over 85% of all people will be affected by acne at some point in their lives.
- Almost every teen, both boys and girls will suffer some form of acne.
- Acne also affects 10-20% of adults.
- It affects people from all races and age groups.
- Acne itself is not dangerous but a severe untreated case can cause scarring.
What Is Acne?
Known medically as Acne Vulgaris, it is a skin disease caused by the blockage of pores. The pores get clogged with dead skin cells, oil and bacteria which causes a breakout of the skin.
That swelling or bump from the clogged pore becomes what is known as pimple or a zit. There are two types of acne. Inflammatory and non inflammatory.
Types Of Pimples
- Whiteheads are the least severe and are very small and remain under the skin.
- Blackheads will show on the surface of the skin and are clearly visible.
- Papules are pink in color and show up as small bumps on the skin’s surface.
- Pustules are clearly visible. They have a red base with pus on the top.
- Nobules are large and solid pimples. They are a more severe pimple, deeply embedded in the skin and can also be painful.
- Cysts are the most serious form of acne. They can be painful, full of pus and can easily cause scars.
What Causes Acne?
The exact cause of acne is still being researched but there are several things that are known to be factors.
Hormones such as estrogen and testosterone are all out of proportion during puberty and that is a major factor in teen acne.
Genetics may also play a role in the severity of acne in individuals. The genes themselves don’t cause acne but may be a factor in how your skin reacts to the bacteria and hormones.
Stress can cause acne. When you are stressed out the body is tense and not able to operate at it’s optimal level. Stress has been shown to put you at greater risk for heart disease and stroke, it only makes sense that it causes your skin to react negatively as well.
Overall diet can be a factor for stress. Things like processed foods, white breads and deep fried foods should be avoided. They aren’t good for anything, including the health of your skin. Some skin reacts adversely to dairy foods because milk products may contain hormones.
If you are suffering from acne, try cutting certain foods out of your diet for a couple of months to see if they could be one of the causes. As with everything else you need to be healthy from the inside out and a healthy diet is an important part of that.
If acne is left untreated close to one third of sufferers will develop acne related scars. Aside from the physical repercussions of not treating your acne there are also the physcological aspects such as self esteem that are affected by having a skin condition, especially facial acne. In a recent study, 46% of those with acne said that it created self esteem issues.
Acne on any part of the body can be treated in the same way. Back acne takes longer to heal because the skin on your back is thicker and the pimples are embedded farther under the skin. It is also harder to apply acne treatments to the back and outbreaks can be caused or made more serious by the fact that clothing or backpacks may cause friction and perspiration on the back.
It is a myth that acne is caused by dirty skin, as a matter of fact those that suffer from acne tend to wash more frequently as a way to treat their acne. It is recommended that you do not wash your face more than twice a day as this will cause irritation to the infected areas and in some cases make the acne more severe.
- Never pop the zits.
- Try to avoid using makeup, if you do apply makeup make sure to wash it off before you go to bed.
- Exercise is recommended for healthy skin but just make sure that you shower soon after to wash away the sweat.
- Avoid tight clothing and backpacks that cause friction and sweating underneath clothing.
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